An early treatment and healthy lifestyle can treat your problems and help you recover sooner. Let us discuss some health problems associated with hypertension or high blood pressure.
Health Problems due to Hypertension Damage to Arteries: The arteries in your body are elastic, flexible and strong in their healthy state. The inner wall of the arteries is smooth and thus assists in easy flow of blood within so that nutrition and oxygen is supplied to the vital organs of the body. Hypertension is a condition in which the pressure that the blood applies on the artery walls increases and causes several problems associated with them, harming their proper functioning. Omron BP785 is a blood pressure monitor which can detect hypertension.
High blood pressure damages the inner lining cells of the arteries and makes them hard and stiff. This leads to a condition called arteriosclerosis. The fats that you eat with your diet enters your bloodstream and get collected at the inner lining due to the damaged and hardened cells there, leading to a condition called atherosclerosis. This might narrow the passage through your arteries and affect blood flow to organs such as heart, kidney, brain and your limbs. This improper transmission of blood and insufficiency of oxygen and nutrients in various cells of the body may lead to heart attacks, kidney failure, chest pain, stroke, peripheral arterial diseases, eye damages and aneurysms.
Prolonged period of this situation might cause enlargement in a section of the artery leading to a bulge. This condition is called aneurysm. The bulge might rupture at some instant and cause internal bleeding which might bring serious life threatening effect to your body. This can occur in any of the arteries in your body but the maximum chances of its development have been observed in the aorta, which is the largest artery in the body.Damage to the Heart: Heart is the organ that pumps blood to entire body and damage to this organ can disturb the whole circulation system. Hypertension can harm your heart in lot many ways:
Coronary artery diseases can be cause due to hypertension. Coronary arteries are those that supply blood to the heart. Narrowing of these arteries and sometimes leading to a blockage might prevent blood circulation into the heart muscles and cause chest pain, irregular heart rhythms and heart attacks.
Enlarging of the left heart is another condition occurring due to high blood pressure. High blood pressure pressurizes your left ventricles to work harder so that blood can be reached to different parts of the body. This leads to increase in the size of the left ventricle and increases the risk of heart attack, heart failure and sudden cardiac death.
Heart failure also occurs in individuals due to weakening of the heart muscles due to excessive hard work. The heart muscles gradually lose their stamina and wear out leading to sudden heart failure.Brain Damage: Similar to any other part of the body, the brain cells need regular nourishment and oxygen supply to function properly. High blood pressure would however lead to damage to your brains in many ways.
Transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a condition in which there is a temporary disruption of the blood supply to the brain. This normally occurs due to atherosclerosis or a blood clot for which high blood pressure can be a reason. This condition can be a pinch that a full fledge stroke is possible in future.
Stroke: Stroke is caused when your brain is deprived of nutrients and oxygen causing death of the cells in brain. High blood pressure may lead to narrowing of the blood vessels and rupture or leak in the same. Blot clot in the arteries transporting blood to brain might also lead to brain damage and stroke.
Dementia is a condition that associated with problems related to speaking, thinking, reasoning, vision, movement and memory. Out of many causes of this disease, narrowing or blockage of the artery providing blood to the brain might be a major reasons. High blood pressure can be a culprit in all these conditions.
Mild cognitive impairment is a disease related to memory and thinking process and high blood pressure can be reason for the same.
Damage to your Kidneys: Kidney is the organ that filters excess fluid and waste from your blood. This process greatly depends on proper functioning of the blood vessels. High blood pressure might damage both the blood vessels in the kidney as well as those that transport blood to the same. Hypertension can lead to following kidney problems:
It might lead to kidney failure. High blood pressure can damage the large arteries that lead to the kidney as well as the tiny blood vessels within the kidney known as the glomeruli. Damage to any of these, disrupts the blood purification process of the organs and might lead to complete failure of the organ.
Glomerulosclerosis is a condition that damages the cluster tiny blood vessels in kidney known as the glomeruli. These glomeruli are responsible for filtering out the waste and fluid from blood and damage to them as high blood pressuring leads to scarring of them causes kidney problems.
Kidney artery aneurysm is a problem related to the arteries when a bulge is developed in an artery leading to the kidneys. This bulge might develop due to atherosclerosis as it weakens the blood vessels. The rupture or leakage of these arteries might lead to internal bleeding which can be fatal for the individual.